Types of Study Designs

Looking at a studies design helps to determine internal validity and causality of said study. It explains simply what you did and to whom you did it.The design of the study looks at the number of groups and measurements, the independent and dependent variables, and whether the sample was randomly assigned.

The researcher can enhance internal validity by having a comparison group and a control group. Furthermore, randomly selecting and assigning participants can increase internal validity and reduce selection bias.

 

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The Crisis Residential Center's Directions Program Evaluation

Nationally over 1.5 million youth runaway and put themselves in dangerous situations such as substance abuse. Research shows that this is in a large part due to problems within the family unit. Many interventions assist in reunifying the family and improving dangerous or maladaptive behaviors including family and group therapies. Spokane's Crisis Residential Center attempts to assist this population by encouraging family reunification. One way in which they do this is through the Directions Program. This study evaluates the Directions Program to determine its effectiveness in serving at-risk youth and their families. Surveys were sent out to 128 former clients and their families.

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Directions Program Evaluation Literature Review and Methodology

The Crisis Residential Center's (CRC) Directions Program Evaluation for the 2006-2008 Financial Grant Years plans to look into the effectiveness of the aforementioned program. To do this, the existing literature regarding youth similar to those found at the CRC is examined. Previous research has studied at-risk youth and residential centers. This study seeks add upon the this data by looking specifically at a short term residential center, and it’s programs from multiple perspectives. To perform the effectiveness study of the Directions Program both qualitative and quantitative methods are used.

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Turn Your Life Upside Down: An Individual Design Study

An example of an Single System Design Study implemented using the following criteria;

Theory: Using a check list and acquiring weekly personal accountability will help me to reach some of the goals that I would like to obtain.

Plan: Implement a personal growth checklist into my life, to help me keep some of the various aspects of my life in balance. The specific areas that I would like to work on are as follows;

  1. Read my bible daily
  2. Read my utmost for my highest every morning
  3. Eat one Salad or Smoothie as a meal each day
  4. Hit the snooze no more than once a morning
  5. Exercise five times per week for at least 30 minutes
  6. Meet with accountability partner once per week

By having a weekly checklist and somebody to be my accountability partner, I will be more likely to accomplish the preceding goals then if I was just to attempt to do the same things without any other change in my life.

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Critical Article Review: Supervisors and Stress

A critical article review of Regehr et al. (2002) formulated a study to examine managers / supervisor responses to various stressors involved in working for a child welfare agency. Their research addresses the following questions

 

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FASD Research Paper

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), is a continuum of birth defects related to prenatal consumption of alcohol. It is 100% preventable, yet it affects upwards of 25,320,000 babies each year (this is the top estimate, others are lower). FASD costs the United States upwards of 4 billion dollars per year. It affects children on the bio-psycho-social levels. It ranges from being completely debilitating to minor effects on the child. Children with FASD have many deficiencies, there are also many hidden strengths that can be analyzed and improved upon. FASD also is able to be looked at from a wide variety of angles, including an ecological perspective and though Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development.

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